Texas Medical Association History of Medicine Gallery

The History of Medicine Gallery presents rotating exhibits about the history of medicine in Texas and the history of the Texas Medical Association, founded in Austin in 1853. These exhibits feature medical artifacts like early stethoscopes, scarifiers and lancets for bloodletting, and doctors’ medical bags. The permanent collection includes rare early anatomies by Vesalius, Bourgery, and Cloquet; local medical histories; and physician biographies. The archives contain TMA annual session proceedings (1869-present), more than 11,000 files about deceased Texas physicians, vintage photographs, Volumes 1-31 of Transcripts of Texas Medical History (a Joint Project of the TMA and The University of Texas Library Archives 1923-53), and other materials. Researchers and genealogists may schedule visits to the archives by calling 512-370-1552. Exhibit tours are available.

Portable exhibits are available to libraries and museums on the history of the Texas Medical Association, Texas hospitals, Texas medical schools, women in Texas medicine, contributions of international medical graduates, responses to false tobacco advertising, and preventing disease through immunization.

The Current Exhibit:

“Cutting Edge” traces the history of surgery with vintage instruments and artifacts. It highlights advances, like anesthesia, that made surgery vital to medicine rather than a treatment of last resort, seldom attempted and most often fatal. Meet pioneers from Cabeza de Vaca to Denton A. Cooley, MD, and Michael E. DeBakey, MD. The average American experiences seven surgeries. Compare your surgery list with the top inpatient and outpatient procedures.



401 W. 15th Street (map)


M-F 8 AM - 5 PM